CVMA-ACMV

Electroimmobilization – Position Statement

July 31, 2009

Position

"The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) finds the use of electroimmobilization unacceptable."
 
Background
 
Controlled studies on electroimmobilization have shown that it may cause unnecessary pain and distress and that no significant analgesic effect is demonstrated.
 
(Reapproved July 2009)