Importation of Dogs into Canada
CVMA-ACMV

Canine Importation

Dogs are imported into Canada from other countries for many reasons:  

  • As personal pets accompanied by owners
  • For commercial purposes (e.g., breeding animals)
  • For financial gain by people selling the animals
  • By animal welfare organizations (e.g., shelters, rescue organizations) motivated by a desire to improve the lives of the affected animals 
However, importing dogs from another country can result in risk to public health and animal health and welfare. Dogs from foreign countries may have diseases that may not already occur in Canada. Additionally, animal welfare issues may arise from transporting animals with questionable health. Behavioural issues may be present, for example, in imported animals who are not well socialized and may never have lived in a home.
 
The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association recognizes that education is a key element in the effective management of disease risk from importation of dogs and from the transboundary movement of dogs within Canada. 
 
Listen to Dr. Enid Stiles’ and Dr. Duane Landals’ interview on importing dogs into Canada
 
If you have a client considering importing a dog into Canada from another country, ask them to book an appointment to discuss what should happen before and after the dog is imported. We have provided a checklist to help prompt the discussion.
 

Documents

DateDocument
07-08-2020Canadian Canine Importation Restrictions: Ukraine
06-23-2020NEWS RELEASE: Canadian Veterinary Medical Association Reaffirms Stance on Stricter Dog Importation Rules after Dead Puppies Arrive on International Flight
11-28-2018Letter to PHAC: Mitigation of Risks to Animal and Public Health from Dog Importation into Canada
05-28-2018Worms & Germs Blog (University of Guelph)
05-28-2018Importing or travelling with pets (Canadian Food Inspection Agency)
05-28-2018Rabies (Canadian Food Inspection Agency)
05-28-2018Veterinarian's Dog Importation Checklist (2018)
11-03-2017Audio Interview – Importation of Dogs into Canada
07-05-2017Protecting Pets from Lyme disease: Free Awareness Resources (Public Health Agency of Canada)
06-05-2017Tips for Traveling with Dogs to the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
03-16-2017Importation of Dogs into Canada - Position Statement
08-10-2016Report of the Canadian National Canine Importation Working Group
07-20-2016Zoonoses – Shared Disease Agents of People and Pets
07-20-2016Rabies Fact Sheet
07-20-2016Rabies – Prevention Tips for Pet Owners
07-20-2016Vaccination and Your Dog
07-19-2016Lyme Disease
07-19-2016Intestinal Parasites
07-19-2016Heartworm
07-19-2016Rabies: The Great Pretender
09-01-2015Your Veterinarian: Still the Best Source for Vaccination Advice
10-23-2012Many Benefits of Spaying Pets
10-23-2012Benefits of Neutering Your Male Dog
10-23-2012Fleas Continue to be a Problem Despite Advances in Prevention