Veterinary Oversight of Antimicrobial Use in Animals in Canada


Veterinary oversight of antimicrobial use is being strengthened in Canada as part of the fight against antimicrobial resistance. This means important changes for you as a practitioner and for the veterinary profession.

Download timelines: Health Canada
is strengthening Canada’s framework
for veterinary antimicrobials

Health Canada is moving a number of Medically Important Antimicrobials (MIAs) approved for veterinary use before 2004 to the Prescription Drug List (PDL). With this change, Health Canada will establish the same level of oversight for those MIAs approved before 2004 as for those approved after.

As of December 1, 2018, all MIAs for veterinary use will be on the PDL and must be sold by prescription only. 

Other regulatory amendments made by Health Canada include:

  • Ending Own Use Importation of MIA by animal owners effective November 13, 2017;
  • Increased oversight and new rules for the handling of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients for veterinary use starting May 17, 2018;
  • Mandatory reporting of sales information related to MIA; and
  • New requirements and the expansion of the veterinary health products program to increase access to alternative animal health products for production animals
Questions about the regulatory and policy changes? Visit the Health Canada websiteContact them at Questions on the management of the inventory of medically important antimicrobials during the transition to December 1, 2018? Find it here.

Who we are working with

The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA), along with the Canadian Animal Health Institute (CAHI) and other stakeholders, have been engaging with Health Canada's Veterinary Drugs Directorate about these changes and will continue to support these actions with ongoing engagement and communication.

Veterinary Oversight of Antimicrobial Use – A Pan-Canadian Framework for Professional Standards for Veterinarians

After broad stakeholder consultation and discussion, the Canadian Council of Veterinary Registrars and the CVMA’s Veterinary Pharmaceutical Stewardship Advisory Group developed a pan-Canadian framework of professional standards for veterinarians regarding veterinary oversight of antimicrobial use. It is available for download here.


11-08-2018Timelines: Health Canada is strengthening Canada’s regulatory framework for veterinary antimicrobials
11-02-2018December 1, 2018 Antimicrobial Policy Change Frequently Asked Questions
10-31-2018Flow Chart & FAQs: Sales and Dispensing Pr DIN drug premixes and Pr medicated feed (Animal Nutrition Association of Canada)
10-22-2018Fact Sheet: Selling Prescription Medicated Feed (Health Canada and Canadian Food Inspection Agency)
08-21-2018Recent Veterinary Drugs Directorate Webpage Updates
06-05-2018Audio Interview: Establishing a Valid Veterinarian-Client-Patient-Relationship
06-01-2018Sub Section: Providing Veterinary Oversight of Antimicrobial Treatment of Agricultural Bee Populations
05-22-2018Health Canada Notice - Revisions of DEL Guidance Documents and Forms as a Result of Amendments to the FDR
04-27-2018Fact Sheet: Accessing and Selling Prescription (Pr) Veterinary Drugs (Health Canada)
04-10-2018New Rules for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (APIs) Take Effect May 17, 2018
04-06-2018New CMIB Published on CFIA’s Website April 4, 2018
04-05-2018Drug Establishment Licence Questions and Answers Antimicrobial Resistance
03-29-2018Case Study: Establishing a Valid Veterinarian-Client-Patient-Relationship (Cow-Calf Producer)
03-29-2018Treating Honey Bees and Pollinators: What Veterinary Medical Professionals Need to Know
03-05-2018Fact sheet: Transition to and Implementation of the ‘New’ CMIB (Animal Nutrition Association of Canada and Canadian Food Inspection Agency)
03-01-2018 Canadian Animal Health Institute poster: List of Impacted Antimicrobial Products
02-09-2018DEL Bulletin LEPP No. 21 - Antimicrobial Regulatory Amendment - Info
02-06-2018News Release: CVMA Leads Initiatives to Support Global and National Strategies to Reduce Antimicrobial Use
01-05-2018The Bigger Picture: Antimicrobial Resistance
12-14-2017Notice: Prescription Drug List (PDL): Human and Veterinary Antimicrobials
12-01-2017Requirements for Veterinarians Issuing a Prescription